A couple of great studies in NSW look at communities with similar demographics and differing crime rates and ask what it is that makes the difference. One ‘Why do some Aboriginal communities have lower crime rates than others….A pilot study‘ was published by R. McCausland and A. Vivian in the ANZ journal of criminology vol. 43(2) pp 301-332. The other ‘‘A tale of two towns: Social structure, integration and crime in rural NSW‘ was published by P Jobes, J Donnermeyer and E Barclary in Sociologica Ruralis vol. 45, pp. 224-244.